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Combustion

Combustion technologies are nowadays irreplaceable issues for the manufacturing industries needing to produce semi-fabricated and fabricated products - boilers, furnaces, and other process heaters - altogether consuming approximately two-thirds of the total energy used by the manufacturing industries - according to specific energy consumption requirements.

Environmental issues, such as the global climate change, are emerging as defining factors in the design and operation of combustion equipments that will push the scientific community to a redefinition of the terms of the problem to better fit the industry needs and englobe more demanding requirements.

 

Burners will need to lower the emissions of both NOx, CO, and unburned hydrocarbons while achieving high thermal efficiency with different kinds of feed fuels and without any postcombustion controls. The need to operate at higher process temperatures, with more performing flame management controls for an improved burner safety, combustion efficiency, system reliability and easy integrability, will need advanced materials and enabling technologies.

 

In this respect, advanced, environmentally friendly process heating and burner technologies are already being introduced to respond to international efforts to reduce carbon dioxide, other greenhouse gas emissions and toxic compounds. New automation, control and monitoring architectures will be demanded in the near future to gain high efficiency for any kind of fuel, including wastes or dirty fuels, to be burned cleanlier and cleanlier, to cope with fluctuating fuel availabilities and costs, highest safety standards, lowest lead times, quick response to changing operating requirements, and so on.

 

Advances in enabling technologies, including robust sensors and active-control feedback systems, will improve the performance of process heating equipments without compromising reliability.

As far as the future boiler technology is concerned, a remarkable role will be exerted by new advanced structural materials allowing to meet demanding performance requirements while operating in harsh environments - significantly high pressures and temperatures. More performing materials with regenerative cycles and higher vapour hentalpy contains will allow improved boiler thermal efficiency.

Burning two or more fuels simultaneously, or in rapid sequence, emitting very low hazardous air pollutants and minimising the discharge of exhaust effluents, will be the targets of the next generation's combustion technology.
   
CSM’s Combustion Station is one of the main Combustion Science Centre in Europe. Its R&D services to industries cover a broad spectrum of offers, from fundamental investigation of innovative combustion processes to their application in different industrial sectors. The strong synergy between semi-industrial and industrial scale testing of burners, mathematical modelling and field technical service, allows CSM to maintain a position of excellence in industrial combustion R&D thus making it a reliable partner for industry today in their serching for new solutions for a more enviromentally aware future.

 
Its remarkable role on combustion technologies is highlighted by its promoting partnership of the International Flame Research Foundation (IFRF). 

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