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Solidification Technology really holds an irreplaceable and critical position for industries in the manufacturing cycles based on the use of metallic materials.

As a complex phenomenon, where thermodynamics, kinetics and fluido-dynamics collect to create the matter as Vulcan Divinity had been doing in greek mythology, indeed, it keeps on attracting a primary and great scientific and industrial interest ranging from theoretical studies to the manufacturing of large ingots for turbine rotors, continuously cast slabs and billets for different applications, superalloy precision casting for added value components like single crystal turbine blades, or automotive and aeronautical fuel pumps. As old as the history of mankind, today, Solidification Technology apparently seems to reiterate the technological rituals performed by Hittiti or Incas population to fabricate weapons or domestic tools.


Indeed, nowadays it is empowered by more refined theoretical and computational tools to better respond to the product reliability levels demanded by the modern market.


In fact, the challenges set by the industrial “request” for competitive processes need the application of more and more refined approaches in plants design and managements to obtain productivity, quality, high performance and originality in the development of newly conceived products to help reduce costs and risks.

The first basic concepts of computational solidification date back to the early 60s in the States. Since roughly the same time, CSM's involvement in Solidification Modelling has been sharply raising and gaining more and more importance due to the support numerical techniques provide for the industrial product and process development.


Thanks to those developments, CSM researchers can thoroughly analyse the solidification phenomena both at macroscopic and microscopic scale by studying the microstructure evolution in terms of temperature history, stress in the growing shell, phase distribution, precipitates formation, etc, even for such niche phenomena as those occuring at physical interfaces or in the bulk of a stirred melted alloy.


One of the higlights of CSM's research and development activity in this area is the Thin Slab and Strip Casting Technologies being employed in innovative stainless steel industrial production processes.

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